Oral Health Needs in Patients using Waterpipes, Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, and IQOS

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Call for Papers:

Although the use of traditional tobacco use is decreasing, in recent years a new popularity for waterpipes, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and heated tobacco products has emerged. Waterpipes, sometimes known as hookah or shisha, use an indirect heat source to slowly burn tobacco, before the smoke is passed through water and usually given sweet flavoring. ENDS are electrical heating devices, which aerosolize e-liquid which contains a mixture of propylene glycol and/or vegetable glycerin, and flavorings with or without nicotine. Heated tobacco products, including the IQOS brand, are electronic devices that heat the tobacco rather than burn it, releasing a vapor which is inhaled. Current evidence suggests that waterpipe smoke is associated with adverse health effects due to containing toxicants. Although limited, there is evidence from studies to support that waterpipe smokers are susceptible to periodontal disease and oral premalignant/malignant lesions. There are limited data to reflect the short- and long-term adverse effects of waterpipe, ENDS, and heated tobacco products use on oral health. The increasingly popular use of these products will likely cause dental clinicians to treat more patients who have been exposed to these products. There is a critical need for more research on the use of waterpipes, ENDS and heated tobacco products to create the evidence necessary for oral health professionals to make the right diagnoses, plan treatments, and determine the prognoses for patients who are regular users. It is also essential to investigate whether use of these products contributes to the progression of dental caries, periodontal diseases, implant failure, and other conditions. This Research Topic is therefore looking to accept basic, translational, and clinical research on the effect of waterpipes, ENDS, and heated tobacco products on oral health. Themes may include, but are not limited to: • Well-designed clinical, and epidemiological population-based studies; • The toxicological and biological effects on oral health; • Development of standard in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo methods that can model the effect of these products. Article types may include original research, reviews, systemic reviews, cross-sectional/ cohort/ clinical studies, and behavioral studies.

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