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Transcriptome responses of intestinal epithelial cells induced by membrane vesicles of Listeria

Highlights

•We report the transcriptome profiling of Caco-2 cells upon interaction with membrane vesicles of #Listeria monocytogenes.

•Exposure of MVs to intestinal epithelial cells extensively altered the host transcriptome.•Pathway analysis confirming that MVs appears as principally responsible for the induction of immune signaling pathways.

•We identified several non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), possibly involved in the regulation of early manipulation of the host gene expression, essential for the persistence of L. monocytogenes.

•The findings have opened the way for more detailed studies on the roles of membrane vesicles in the host-pathogen interaction during L. monocytogenes infection.


Abstract

Membrane vesicles (MVs) serve as an essential virulence factor in several pathogenic bacteria. The release of MVs by Listeria monocytogenes is only recently recognized; still, the enigmatic role of MVs in pathogenesis is yet to be established. We report the transcriptome response of Caco-2 cells upon exposure to MVs and the L. monocytogenes that leads to observe the up-regulation of autophagy-related genes in the early phase of exposure to MVs. Transcription of inflammatory cytokines is to the peak at the fourth hour of exposure. An array of differentially expressed genes was associated with actin cytoskeleton rearrangement, autophagy, cell cycle arrest, and induction of oxidative stress. At a later time point, transcriptional programs are generated upon interaction with MVs to evade innate immune signals, by modulating the expression of anti-inflammatory genes. KEGG pathway analysis is palpably confirming that MVs appear principally responsible for the induction of immune signaling pathways. Besides, MVs induced the expression of cell cycle regulatory genes, likely responsible for the ability to prolong host cell survival, thus protecting the replicative niche for L. monocytogenes. Notably, we identified several non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), possibly involved in the regulation of early manipulation of the host gene expression, essential for the persistence of L. monocytogenes. Free article. Read more at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666517423000068



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